Nasopharyngeal Cancers

Nasopharyngeal cancer is a type of cancer that originates in the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the throat located behind the nose. It is a relatively rare form of cancer but is more common in certain regions of the world, including Southeast Asia and North Africa.

Causes and Risk Factors

Nasopharyngeal cancer is associated with several risk factors, including:

  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection
  • Family history of nasopharyngeal cancer
  • Consumption of salted or preserved foods
  • Exposure to certain chemicals and substances


Common symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer include:

  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Earaches
  • Difficulty hearing
  • Sore throat
  • Neck lumps or masses


Diagnosing nasopharyngeal cancer typically involves a combination of tests, including:

  • Physical examination
  • Endoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Imaging tests (CT scans, MRI, PET scans)


Treatment options for nasopharyngeal cancer depend on the stage and extent of the disease. Common treatment modalities include:

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy


While it may not be entirely preventable, reducing risk factors such as avoiding excessive consumption of salted and preserved foods and protecting against EBV infection can help lower the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer.


Nasopharyngeal cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer, but it can be aggressive. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial for a better prognosis. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms related to nasopharyngeal cancer, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.