Radiation Therapy in Lymphoma Treatment

Types of Lymphoma:

There are two main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Radiation therapy may be used in the treatment of both types, but its role may differ.


Before deciding on treatment, doctors will determine the stage of the lymphoma. Staging helps determine the extent of the disease and the most appropriate treatment approach.

Hodgkin Lymphoma:

Radiation therapy is often used as part of the treatment plan for early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma. It may be used alone or in combination with chemotherapy. The goal of radiation therapy in Hodgkin lymphoma is to target and destroy cancerous cells in a specific area, typically the affected lymph nodes.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:

The use of radiation therapy in non-Hodgkin lymphoma is more limited compared to Hodgkin lymphoma. It is primarily used in certain cases, such as when lymphoma is localized to a specific area and is not responding well to other treatments. Radiation therapy may also be used to alleviate symptoms or shrink tumors in specific locations.


Various radiation therapy techniques can be employed, including external beam radiation and internal radiation (brachytherapy). The choice of technique depends on the location and size of the lymphoma, as well as the overall treatment plan.

Side Effects:

Radiation therapy can cause side effects, which may include fatigue, skin changes (such as redness and irritation), and, in some cases, long-term effects on the treated area. Your medical team will monitor you closely and provide supportive care to manage these side effects.


After radiation therapy, patients with lymphoma typically undergo regular follow-up appointments to monitor their progress and assess for any signs of recurrence.

It's important to note that radiation therapy is just one of the treatment modalities for lymphoma. Depending on the type and stage of lymphoma, treatment plans may also include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, stem cell transplantation, or a combination of these approaches. The choice of treatment will be based on a thorough evaluation of the patient's specific case by a team of healthcare professionals, including oncologists and radiation oncologists. Treatment decisions are highly individualized to provide the best possible outcome for each patient.